Acne and its treatment

In the article below, you can read information about acne and its treatment . The aim of this article is to show health and nutrition information strictly informative character not intended to replace the advice of a doctor or nutrition professional. If you have any health problems or concerns that are related to this article Acne and its treatment , we suggest that you consult your doctor or a nutritionist.


Acne is a common problem and can usually be treated. You may need to submit to treatment for several months in order to have a clean face free of acne. Typically, the goal of treatment are inflamed acne pimples to keep you from scarring. When you no longer have acne, you still need to maintain treatment for a few years to not return.

What is Acne

Acne is the most normal cause of pimples on the face. Most people with acne have between 12 and 25 years but also affects older or younger people. Acne usually affects boys more than girls. Acne usually affects the face but can also affect the back, neck and chest.

Acne severity may vary. Approximately 9 out of 10 teenagers develop some form of acne. Normally usually mild, however, 3 in 10 teens have severe acne that needs treatment to prevent scarring.

Acne untreated, usually disappears within 4 or 5 years. However, in many cases acne may remain for many years.

Causes of Acne

Normal skin

Under the skin there are small sebaceous glands. These glands produce grease that keeps the skin smooth and soft. The small pores allow grease to surface. The hair also grows through these pores. During adolescence, much more fat (sebum) that is generated during childhood. This is because the hormonal changes that occur during puberty, stimulate the sebaceous glands. Usually, the more is generated sebum, skin seems greasier and worse usually acne. Some people generate more sebum than another.

mild or moderate acne – whiteheads, blackheads and pimples

In some cases the pores are blocked. This is because the skin around the pores becomes thicker and it gets worse by dead skin cells that clog pores. You can see what clogs the pores as black or white dots. These points are called comedones. These whiteheads and blackheads are due to pigmentation and not to dirt as it might seem. In most cases, acne no more than mild or moderate.

The tallow can accumulate under the plugged pores. This can be seen as small dots called pimples or papules. In some cases, acne does not pass mild to moderate when several small pimples, black or white dots appear.

moderate to severe acne – greater Points and inflammation

Sebum trapped in the pores is an ideal place for germs and bacteria live and multiply place. These bacteria normally live in small numbers in our skin and are not harmful. However, if a large number of these bacteria takes place in the trapped sebum, the immune system may react causing inflammation. If swelling develops, it causes the surrounding skin turns red and points become larger and filled with pus, creating pustules. In some cases, the pustules become even greater, may become small nodules and cysts.

Inflamed points are healing slowly. In some cases, the area of ​​skin affected by inflammation is discolored for a few months after the swelling is gone (post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation). This is most evident in people with darker skin. In addition, it may be a small scar on the skin where the point was inflamed. Sometimes these small scars do not disappear completely and remind older people who once had inflamed acne spots.

rare causes of acne

The causes described in the previous sections cover most cases of acne. In some rare cases, certain diseases cause acne in girls and women or make acne worse. For example, polycystic ovary syndrome and some conditions that cause an excess of male hormones generated in the ovaries or adrenal gland.


These conditions cause other symptoms in addition to acne, as fewer and finer hair, excess body and facial hair (hirsutism) hair and other problems. Another rare cause of acne is exposure to halogenated hydrocarbons, chemicals that are present in some jobs.

Some medicines can make acne worse. For example, phenytoin some people take for epilepsy and steroid creams and ointments used for eczema. No suspendas a prescription if you suspect that your acne is getting worse but you should inform your doctor.

Do not wash more than normal. Twice a day is normal for most people. Use a mild soap and warm water. (Very hot or cold water can make acne worse.) Do not rub hard to wash the skin affected by acne. Do not use abrasive, astringent or exfoliating gels soaps. Use a soft cloth and fingers in place. Excessive washing can cause more inflammation and possibly worsen acne.

Antiseptic washes may be beneficial.

You can not be cleaned blackheads. The black tip of a black point is actually melanin (skin pigment) and can not be removed by cleaning or washing.

Some topical acne treatments (the can see below) can dry the skin. If this occurs, use a moisturizer based on non-scented water. Do not use ointments or creams rich in oil as they can clog pores.

Possible acne treatments


The goal of treatment is to clear acne pimples as much as possible and avoid scarring. Different types of treatments and work in different ways. A doctor or pharmacist will recommend one or the other treatment depending on the type and severity of your acne. Treatments may be topical (applied to the skin) or pills.

You may prefer not to treat mild acne if it does not ignite – that is, if you only have blackheads, whiteheads and blackheads mild. Mild acne is common and usually goes away over time without leaving scars. However, acne can leave scars if the pores become inflamed.

If pimples have inflammation (redness, red spots, pustules, etc), then it is best to treat acne as soon as possible to avoid scarring. The treatment usually able to eliminate most blackheads if used correctly. However, no treatment can clean your skin perfectly.

Topical preparations for acne

Several gels, lotions and creams are used to treat acne. Different preparations work in different ways. The following briefly describes the different types. However, always read the package insert, because some things like how to apply and precautions vary between different preparations. Something they have in common is that topical treatments should apply throughout the affected skin area, not just to each shin.

Benzoyl Peroxide

This is a common topical treatment. Has a triple action: it kills bacteria, reduces inflammation and helps to clear blocked pores. Therefore, usually it works well for inflamed pores and helps to clear black and white dots. You can buy peroxide Benzoyl in pharmacies without a prescription. It comes in different brand names and different percentage – 2.5%, 4%, 5%, and 10% are common. Some points to consider for treating acne benzoyl peroxide:

Retinoids are effective cleaning clogged pores. Some retinoids are adapalene, tretinoin, isotretinoin and are available in various brands. Retinoids also help reduce inflammation. Therefore, they are often used to help unblock the pores and treat blackheads or whiteheads (comedones) and slightly inflamed pimples. You need a prescription for all preparations of retinoids. Here you can see some tips if you use a topical retinoid:

Azelaic acid

This is an alternative that works primarily to clean clogged pores. So, as retinoids, it is good at cleaning of blackheads and pimples. It also has some effect in reducing inflamed acne but probably not as much as antibiotics or benzoyl peroxide. However, it can cause less skin irritation than benzoyl peroxide.


Some preparations contain a mixture of ingredients. For example, benzoyl peroxide and an antibiotic or a retinoid and an antibiotic. These preparations may work better than the ingredients separately.

Antibiotics work by killing the bacteria that cause acne help. They also have a direct effect on reducing inflammation. Antibiotics usually work well to clean inflamed acne pimples and any inflammation of the surrounding skin. However, they have little effect on clear blocked pores (which can be seen as blackheads and whiteheads). Therefore, if you only have mild acne with blackheads and pimples, it is better to follow a topical treatment to unblock the pores. If you have many blackheads and pimples and inflamed acne pores, it may be advisable to use a topical treatment, such as benzoyl peroxide, also taking oral antibiotics.

Always read the package insert found in the package of antibiotics. The prospect will see things as precautions and possible side effects ranging from antibiotics.

Tetracycline antibiotics are based on the most commonly used antibiotics to treat acne. These include: oxytetracycline, tetracycline, doxycycline and minocycline lymecycline.

Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *