In the article below, you can read about ovarian cysts . The aim of this article is to show health and nutrition information strictly informative character not intended to replace the advice of a doctor or nutrition professional. If you have any health problems or concerns that are related to this article, ovarian cysts , we suggest that you consult your doctor or a nutritionist.
An ovarian cyst is a sac or small fluid-filled sac that develops in the ovary of a woman.
Ovarian cysts are very common and usually cause no symptoms. In most cases, these cysts are harmless and often disappear without treatment. However, if the cyst is large or causing symptoms, you may need to be removed surgically.
An ovarian cyst usually causes symptoms only if breaks is very large, or if the blood supply is blocked to the ovaries. If this is the case, the ovarian cyst may cause the following symptoms:
Difficulty emptying your bowels.
A frequent need to urinate.
A change in your periods, heavier, lighter or irregular.
Indigestion or a feeling of heaviness constant.
What are the ovaries
The ovaries are two small bean-shaped organs that are part of the female reproductive system. A woman has two ovaries, one on each side of the womb (uterus).
The ovaries have two main functions. These functions are:
Release an egg about every 28 days as part of the menstrual cycle.
Releasing the female sex hormones, estrogen and progesterone, which play an important role in female reproduction.
Types of ovarian cysts
There are a number of different types of ovarian cyst. The two main types are:
functional ovarian cysts: are developed as part of the menstrual cycle and are harmless and usually stay a short time, they are also the most common type.
Pathological ovarian cysts: These occur as a result of an abnormal growth of cells (most pathological ovarian cysts are noncancerous) and are much less common.
The diagnosis of ovarian cysts
Like most ovarian cysts do not cause symptoms, often not diagnosed or are diagnosed by chance, eg during a pelvic exam or ultrasound for a reason unrelated. If you have symptoms that could be caused by an ovarian cyst, you will probably need to see a gynecologist (a doctor who specializes in women’s reproductive health) so that you perform a vaginal exam.
Treatment of ovarian cysts
Which an ovarian cyst should be treated depend on:
Its size and appearance.
If you have any symptoms.
If you had the menopause (postmenopausal women have a slightly higher risk of developing ovarian cancer).
In most cases, the cyst usually disappears after a few weeks. You can make a follow-up ultrasound to confirm.
Due to the slightly increased risk of post-menopausal women developing ovarian cancer, it is usually recommended that these women regular ultrasound scans and blood tests are made until the cyst disappears.
Large cysts, or causing symptoms, it may be necessary to surgically remove them. Your gynecologist will discuss it if necessary.
Ovarian Cysts and Fertility
Ovarian cysts usually do not affect a woman’s ability to conceive. If the cyst is large and has to be removed in many cases s possible to perform the procedure minimally invasive surgery (laparoscopy), which can help preserve your fertility. However, how the extraction process is performed will depend on the specific characteristics of the cysts, the results of blood tests and clinical outcomes of each individual case.